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Monday, July 27, 2020 | History

2 edition of Health effects of environmental chemicals on the adult human reproductive system found in the catalog.

Health effects of environmental chemicals on the adult human reproductive system

J. G. Pruett

Health effects of environmental chemicals on the adult human reproductive system

a selected bibliography with abstracts 1963-1981

by J. G. Pruett

  • 210 Want to read
  • 18 Currently reading

Published by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Special Publications in Bethesda, MD .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Human reproduction -- Toxicology -- Abstracts.,
  • Pregnancy -- Toxicology -- Abstracts.,
  • Toxicology -- Abstracts.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby J. G. Pruett and S. G. Winslow.
    ContributionsWinslow, S. G., Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology., Information Response to Chemical Concerns Project, National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsZ6663R4 P7
    The Physical Object
    Pagination[4], 62 p. --
    Number of Pages62
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18855471M

      Dioxins are mainly byproducts of industrial practices. They are produced through a variety of incineration processes, including improper municipal waste incineration and burning of trash, and can be released into the air during natural processes, such as forest fires and volcanoes. Almost every living creature has been exposed to dioxins or dioxin-like compounds (DLCs).   Effect of environment on human reproductive functions. focusing solely on the reproductive system. that can alter hormone function and result in adverse reproductive health effects .

    The link between reproductive health and the environment has been strengthened by the findings of recent studies. It is becoming increasingly important to link results and data from such studies into a model that aids in the explanation of phenomena observed in the field and facilitates predictability. Through its work on children’s environmental health, WHO strive to inform and influence policymakers and assess the effectiveness of programmes, which aim at improving children’s environmental health via:Developing and promoting use of children's environmental health indicatorsImproving assessment of children's environmental health and monitor the success or failure of.

    Reproductive toxicity is a hazard associated with some chemical substances, which interfere in some way with normal reproduction; such substances are called may adversely affect sexual function and fertility in adult males and females, as well as causing developmental toxicity in .   Many reproductive health problems are caused by exposure to chemicals widely dispersed in our environment. Focusing on exposures to environmental contaminants, this book provides the first comprehensive source of information in this field. It reviews the science in key areas and recommends preventative measures in clinical care and public s: 1.


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Health effects of environmental chemicals on the adult human reproductive system by J. G. Pruett Download PDF EPUB FB2

Endocrine disruptors and reproductive disease or cancers. An endocrine disruptor is a chemical with the potential to alter hormone action within the body.

1 The first endocrine disruptors identified were synthetic chemicals that had weak intrinsic hormonal or anti-hormonal activity, usually oestrogenic or anti-androgenic activity. 1 Such compounds, when in the body, have the potential to Cited by: Get this from a library. Health effects of environmental chemicals on the adult human reproductive system: a selected bibliography with abstracts, [J G Pruett; S G Winslow; Information Response to Chemical Crises Project (U.S.); Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.; Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Chemicals may also interact with environmental, dietary, lifestyle, genetic susceptibility and reproductive factors that are not systematically measured across studies. 6 More importantly, a hypothetical association between environmental chemicals and human male fertility cannot be tested on the basis of individual compound levels, and account Cited by: Cambridge Core - Epidemiology Public Health and Medical Statistics - Environmental Impacts on Reproductive Health and Fertility - edited by Tracey J.

Woodruff. 8 Reproductive Health Effects and Effects on Descendants. Chapter Overview. Based on new evidence and a review of prior studies, the current committee did not find any new associations between outcomes related to the reproductive health of veterans or effects on their descendants and exposure to the chemicals of interest (COIs; 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid [2,4-D], 2,4,5.

Environ. Health Perspect. (10): A–2. doi/ JSTOR PMC PMID Centers for Disease Control. "National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals.

Updated Tables, February ". Archived from the original on 29 November Centers for Disease Control. "Phthalate Fact Sheet".

“EPA is concerned about phthalates because of their toxicity and the evidence of pervasive human and environmental exposure to these chemicals Adverse effects on the development of the reproductive system in male laboratory animals are the most sensitive health.

Reproductive health refers to the condition of male and female reproductive systems during all life stages. These systems are made of organs and hormone-producing glands, including the pituitary gland in the brain.

Ovaries in females and testicles in males are reproductive organs, or gonads, that maintain health of their respective systems. Environmental toxicants may potentially induce effects in human reproductive processes, specifically, for male reproductive health.

All the physical, chemical, biological, and social factors that may affect the origin, growth, development, and survival of a person in a given setting could be potential hazards to men's reproductive health.

InRachel Carson published the book “Silent Spring”, in which she mentioned problems that could arise from the indiscriminate use of pesticides. This book inspired widespread concern about the impact of pesticides on the human health and the environment. Exposure to environmental toxins (in the form of industrial chemicals) both in utero and neonatal may dramatically affect adult fertility.

Most chemicals used in everyday life do not go through. Pruett JG, Winslow SG () Health effects of environmental chemicals on the adult human reproductive system. Toxicology Information Response Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (NLM/TIRC–1) Google Scholar.

Johanna Selvaratnam, Bernard Robaire, in Human Reproductive and Prenatal Genetics, Introduction. The effects of aging on male reproductive health have received less attention than the well-established effects of aging on the female reproductive system. However, over the last 20 years, advanced paternal age has been demonstrated to contribute to an increasing number of health.

Humans and animals have always been exposed to chemicals in our environment - natural products in foods, smoke from cooking fires, sewage in drinking water, pesticides from plants.

However, the dramatic increases in industrialization over the past three centuries have dramatically changed both the quality and the quantity of human exposures, to both natural and synthetic chemicals.

Although more than 1, workplace chemicals have been shown to have reproductive effects on animals, most have not been studied in humans.

There are over 72 million unique chemicals registered by the American Chemical Society, with ab new substances added every day, most of which are not tested for reproductive health effects.

Division of Toxicology and Human Health Sciences Clifton Road NE, Mailstop S Atlanta, GA Phone: CDC-INFO (TTY) Email: Contact CDC-INFO.

ATSDR can also tell you the location of occupational and environmental health clinics. Only a fraction of these chemicals have been adequately examined for toxicity and for synergistic effects due to multiple exposures.

There is a need for a greater awareness and vigilance of the effects of environmental pollution on reproductive health.

Bisphenol A (BPA) has been receiving increasing attention because of evidence of its reproductive toxicity in laboratory animal studies, the growing literature correlating environmental BPA exposure to adverse effects in humans, its high production volume, its widespread human exposure, and the potential health effects from such exposures.

Human exposure to hazardous chemicals can occur at the source or the chemical could move to a place where people can come into contact with it. Chemicals can move through air, soil, and water. They can also be on plants or animals, and can get into the air.

An increasing body of scientific research provides disconcerting verification of the potential impact of environmental toxins that greatly affect human reproductive health and human development.

It is believed that roughly 3% of fetal developmental defects are attributable to chemical exposures [ 75 ]. Toxins in the environment -- chemicals used in processing and manufacturing -- are harming women's ability to have children, two leading medical groups said in a joint statement today.

Long-term exposure may cause long-term harm, such as cancer, and damage to the reproductive system, the liver, the brain, and other parts of the body. Many long-term effects of pesticides are hard to see because people in farming areas are exposed to many different chemicals and because farm workers may move from place to place.Environmental health is the public health field that monitors and addresses those physical, chemical, and biological factors that we might not have direct control over, but can impact our health anyway.

For example, if you live in a neighborhood with unsafe sidewalks or polluted air, it’s difficult to .